Field study Benin 2006-2007Diagnostic and prospective analysis of the rice cluster in the Oueme Valley - Benin
Host partner: IFDC Benin
Other partners : EPAC/UAC (Ecole Polytechnique d'Abomey Calavi / Université d'Abomey Calavi) - ANASEB (Association Nationale des Semenciers du Bénin) - Ministère de l'Agriculture, Programme d'appui aux OP - FUPRO (Fédération des Unions de Producteurs) - FSA/UAC (Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques) - OBPAB (Organisation Béninoise pour la Promotion de l'Agriculture Biologique) - IFDC Benin
Topic: Rice cluster
Location: Oueme Valley
ICRA Working Document Series number: 130
Context: The Beninese government as well as the private enterprises is showing a growing interest in rice, making it one of the national agricultural priorities. This crop is also a driving force structuring the rural world.
Objectives: To contribute to improving the competitivity of the rice cluster in the Oueme Valley, through a participatory diagnosis and prospective planning.
Outputs: Strategic options should improve the competitivity of this cluster in a mid-term future and will be implemented by creating dynamic interactions and synergy among various stakeholders, especially farmers' organizations which are the cornerstone of the whole process.
Reviewer: Ms Marie-Jo Dugué (France), ICRA Professional associate
Abstract: This cluster was selected to test the ARD process in Benin for the improvement of the rice production in the Oueme Valley.
A specificity of the rice cluster in the Oueme Valley is the variety of stakeholders. There also are valuable natural resources (land, good agricultural yields and water resources), which are assets for rice cropping. Rice producers are also well organized at village and regional levels. Rice is processed with good know-how in shelling and sterilization techniques. Experiences in bulk marketing have been attempted. There is presently a plan to give a label to the local rice.
Despite these assets, some constraints still limit the capacity of rice production. They are: disorganized supply of inputs, land tenure uncertainty and fragmentation, mix of rice seed varieties, precariousness of cropping and processing techniques, inadequate availability of funds, lack of good rice and poor market visibility. The following driving forces have been identified in a prospective analysis that will determine the evolution of the rice cluster in the valley in the mid-term: the valley land improvement, competition of imported rice, technical and logistic help to stakeholders, funding of the cluster and demand for local rice. Taking these driving forces and the scenarios into account, four strategic options have been selected by all stakeholders: strengthening the capacities of direct stakeholders, improving the production yields, improving the quality of local rice and developing the demand for it.
Key words: Rice Cluster, Benin, Oueme Valley, processing, marketing
Download the full report in French Field work report Benin 2006-2007 (pdf, 981K)